The Inhertance

Some time after this conversation, Joseph was told, “Your father is ill.” He took his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim, and went to Jacob. When Jacob was told, “Your son Joseph has come,” he roused himself and sat up in bed.

Jacob said to Joseph, “The Strong God appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me. He said, ‘I’m going to make you prosperous and numerous, turn you into a congregation of tribes; and I’ll turn this land over to your children coming after you as a permanent inheritance.’ I’m adopting your two sons who were born to you here in Egypt before I joined you; they have equal status with Reuben and Simeon. But any children born after them are yours; they will come after their brothers in matters of inheritance. I want it this way because, as I was returning from Paddan, your mother Rachel, to my deep sorrow, died as we were on our way through Canaan when we were only a short distance from Ephrath, now called Bethlehem.” (Isaiah 31:4-9)

The land of the Canaanites belongs to the Jewish people. Among the promises that God gave Abraham, was a promise that the land he was a wanderer in would belong to him and his offspring (Genesis 13:14-17). Later, God gave that same promise to Isaac, and then again to Jacob, to whom twelve sons were born: the fathers of the twelve tribes of Israel. The promise that God gave became increasingly focused; it was not given to all the descendents of Abraham, who was the father not only of Isaac, but also of Ishmael and many others (born to other wives that he married after Sarah’s death). Isaac alone was the son of promise. And the promise did not extend to both sons of Isaac, but only to Jacob and his twelve sons.

For the two sons born to Jacob’s son Joseph, Jacob does something special. He adopts them. They become the equal of his other twelve sons. Why? The descendents of one of his sons, Levi, would be separated from the other tribes of Israel. They would receive no land (Deuteronomy 10:9). By splitting Joseph into two tribes, the land that God gave to the nation of Israel could still be divided twelve ways. Though the Levites were given no territory at all, Joseph would get a double portion, divided between Ephraim and Manasseh.

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When the Spirit Comes

“Then I will make up to you for the years
That the swarming locust has eaten,
The creeping locust, the stripping locust and the gnawing locust,
My great army which I sent among you.
“You will have plenty to eat and be satisfied
And praise the name of the LORD your God,
Who has dealt wondrously with you;
Then My people will never be put to shame.
“Thus you will know that I am in the midst of Israel,
And that I am the LORD your God,
And there is no other;
And My people will never be put to shame.
“It will come about after this
That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind;
And your sons and daughters will prophesy,
Your old men will dream dreams,
Your young men will see visions.
“Even on the male and female servants
I will pour out My Spirit in those days.
“I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth,
Blood, fire and columns of smoke.
“The sun will be turned into darkness
And the moon into blood
Before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes.
“And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the LORD
Will be delivered;
For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem
There will be those who escape,
As the LORD has said,
Even among the survivors whom the LORD calls. (Joel 2:25-32)

On the day of Pentecost, the celebration that followed fifty days after the Passover, Peter quoted from this prophesy of Joel to explain the arrival of the Holy Spirit upon the followers of Jesus. He told his audience that these words had been fulfilled on that wonderful morning.

The word translated “Lord” in most English translations of the Old Testament is God’s name, Yahweh. Following their captivity in Babylon, Jewish people had decided to stop saying God’s name so that they could make sure they would never violated the commandment against using God’s name “in vain.” Instead, whenever they saw God’s name, they would substitute the Hebrew word meaning “Lord.” They even followed that custom when they translated the Bible into other languages. So in the time of Peter, when he used the Greek translation of Joel’s prophesy, he used the Greek form of the word “Lord.”

In his sermon that morning, Peter took that verse, “that whoever calls on the name of the Lord will be saved” and applied it to Jesus. For the disciples, all Jewish, when they called Jesus Lord, they were not calling him master or boss. They were calling him “Yahweh”—the God of Israel who had spoken to the patriarchs and who had led the people out of Egypt.

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SpaceX Launch and Landing for July 18, 2016

This is a video replay of the latest launch and landing of SpaceX’s Falcon 9, this time delivering cargo to the International Space Station. Coverage begins at about the 11 minute mark on this video.

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Just Desserts

“They sow the wind,
And reap the whirlwind.
The stalk has no bud;
It shall never produce meal.
If it should produce,
Aliens would swallow it up.
Israel is swallowed up;
Now they are among the Gentiles
Like a vessel in which is no pleasure.
For they have gone up to Assyria,
Like a wild donkey alone by itself;
Ephraim has hired lovers.
Yes, though they have hired among the nations,
Now I will gather them;
And they shall sorrow a little,
Because of the burden of the king of princes.
“Because Ephraim has made many altars for sin,
They have become for him altars for sinning.
I have written for him the great things of My law,
But they were considered a strange thing.
For the sacrifices of My offerings they sacrifice flesh and eat it,
But the LORD does not accept them.
Now He will remember their iniquity and punish their sins.
They shall return to Egypt.
“For Israel has forgotten his Maker,
And has built temples;
Judah also has multiplied fortified cities;
But I will send fire upon his cities,
And it shall devour his palaces.” (Hosea 8:7-14)

The word for “sin” and the word for “sin offering” are one and the same in the Hebrew language of the Old Testament. This is why Paul later writes of Jesus that “God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” (2 Corinthians 5:21). The sin offering is identified with the sin, becomes one with the sin, and so as the sin offering is offered to God and burned up in the sacrifice, the sin is purged away, destroyed, and forgiven.

Just as a farmer will harvest the sort of crop that he planted back in Spring, so the nation of Israel is going to harvest what it has planted. They had put their trust and dependence upon vapor. Thus, when the Assyrians invaded, the Israelite’s non-existent gods rendered the aid of the pretend: and so Israel returned to captivity. Metaphorically speaking, they were back in Egypt. Once there, they would eventually figure out their mistake, repent, and God would forgive them, rescuing them once again from their mistake. Peter asked Jesus how many times he should forgive those who sinned against him. God’s relationship with Israel is an illustration of the answer.

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The Time of Reaping

For you also, O Judah, a harvest is appointed.
When I would restore the fortunes of my people,
when I would heal Israel,
the corruption of Ephraim is revealed,
and the wicked deeds of Samaria;
for they deal falsely,
the thief breaks in,
and the bandits raid outside.
But they do not consider
that I remember all their wickedness.
Now their deeds surround them,
they are before my face.
By their wickedness they make the king glad,
and the officials by their treachery.
They are all adulterers;
they are like a heated oven,
whose baker does not need to stir the fire,
from the kneading of the dough until it is leavened.
On the day of our king the officials
became sick with the heat of wine;
he stretched out his hand with mockers.
For they are kindled like an oven, their heart burns within them;
all night their anger smolders;
in the morning it blazes like a flaming fire.
All of them are hot as an oven,
and they devour their rulers.
All their kings have fallen;
none of them calls upon me. (Hosea 6:11-7:7)

Harvests were happy times of celebration in ancient agrarian societies because they meant that the people didn’t have to worry about starving to death that year. A good autumn harvest meant there would be enough seed to plant next spring.

But Hosea used the happy time as a metaphor for God’s judgment on his people. How could such a joyful event become a symbol of judgment? From the perspective of the crops harvested, the reaping was a painful thing: the crops were mowed down, threshed, and the leftover chaff was burned. Harvests were inherently violent. Animals were slaughtered and their meat smoked or salted to preserve it during the long dark winter. The unconsumed grain went into the barns.

But harvests are not destructive. They are not designed to harm. They are for the benefit of all concerned, ensuring the continuation of life. So a harvest captures clearly the true nature of judgment. God loved his people. He disciplined them for their own good. God always acts in love, but how it is perceived depends on whether you look at things from the perspective of the grain being chopped down and threshed, or from the perspective of the hungry farmer.

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The LORD said, “Hosea, Israel has betrayed me like an unfaithful wife. Marry such a woman and have children by her.” So I married Gomer the daughter of Diblaim, and we had a son.

Then the LORD said, “Hosea, name your son Jezreel, because I will soon punish the descendants of King Jehu of Israel for the murders he committed in Jezreel Valley. I will destroy his kingdom, and in Jezreel Valley I will break the power of Israel.”

Later, Gomer had a daughter, and the LORD said, “Name her Lo-Ruhamah, because I will no longer have mercy and forgive Israel. But I am the LORD God of Judah, and I will have mercy and save Judah by my own power—not by wars and arrows or swords and cavalry.”

After Gomer had stopped nursing Lo-Ruhamah, she had another son. Then the LORD said, “Name him Lo-Ammi, because these people are not mine, and I am not their God.”

Someday it will be impossible to count the people of Israel, because there will be as many of them as there are grains of sand along the seashore. They are now called “Not My People,” but in the future they will be called “Children of the Living God.” Israel and Judah will unite and choose one leader. Then they will take back their land, and this will be a great day for Jezreel. (Hosea 1:2-11)

The worst job in the world is to be God’s prophet. In order to illustrate Israelite behavior, prophets became God’s performance art. The Israelites had betrayed God and chased after other gods. Therefore, God had Hosea purposely find a woman who would behave toward him just as the Israelites had behaved toward God. In marrying Gomer, Hosea had no illusions about what he was getting himself into. And from the very first day, she continued to live and act like the prostitute she was.

And the performance art extended to his children. The name Jezereel was given to his son as a symbol of God’s displeasure with what Jehu had done. The name “Lo-Ruhamah” means “unloved” while “Lo-Ammi” means “not my people,” standing for what Israel had become.

After repentance and restoration, however, the Israelites would be “as many as the grains of sand on the seashore.” The phrase is hyperbole, not literal. It simply means that there will be a lot of them. Hosea’s wife would one day become faithful to him, just as one day Israel would become faithful to God. Both Hosea and God get to have a happy ending.

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Why Can’t You Do What I Say?

Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, saying: “This is what the LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, says: Go and tell the men of Judah and the people of Jerusalem, ‘Will you not learn a lesson and obey my words?’ declares the LORD. ‘Jonadab son of Recab ordered his sons not to drink wine and this command has been kept. To this day they do not drink wine, because they obey their forefather’s command. But I have spoken to you again and again, yet you have not obeyed me. Again and again I sent all my servants the prophets to you. They said, “Each of you must turn from your wicked ways and reform your actions; do not follow other gods to serve them. Then you will live in the land I have given to you and your fathers.” But you have not paid attention or listened to me. The descendants of Jonadab son of Recab have carried out the command their forefather gave them, but these people have not obeyed me.’

“Therefore, this is what the LORD God Almighty, the God of Israel, says: ‘Listen! I am going to bring on Judah and on everyone living in Jerusalem every disaster I pronounced against them. I spoke to them, but they did not listen; I called to them, but they did not answer.’ ”

Then Jeremiah said to the family of the Recabites, “This is what the LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, says: ‘You have obeyed the command of your forefather Jonadab and have followed all his instructions and have done everything he ordered.’ Therefore, this is what the LORD Almighty, the God of Israel, says: ‘Jonadab son of Recab will never fail to have a man to serve me.’ ” (Jeremiah 35:12-19)

The Recabites were a peculiar group of people. Jonadab, the son of Recab, had told his children not to drink wine. He also told them, never to build houses, sow seed or plant vineyards. Instead, they always had to live in tents (Jeremiah 35:7). Ever after, every descendent of Jonadab had followed his words, despite the fact that the instructions were to put it mildly, rather nonsensical.

In contrast to the weird Reabites who strictly adhered to the most peculiar rules, the Israelites ignored the reasonable instructions of God. And so God used the Recabites as an object lesson. How is it that a mere human being can get generations of people to abide by his idiosyncratic beliefs, but the Israelites won’t listen to wisdom given to them by God himself? Wisdom that he gave them because he loved them and wanted what was best for them? Why would they turn from the living God and follow pretend gods? Why would they turn against love and toward hate for their neighbors? They are crazier than the Recabites ever were.

God does something remarkable: he makes a promise to the Recobites, that because of their faithfulness, he will make sure that there will always be descendents of the Recobites to serve God. God appreciates loyalty and rewards it.

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God Doesn’t Have a Lawyer

“This is the new covenant I will make with the people of Israel on that day,” says the LORD. “I will put my instructions deep within them, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. And they will not need to teach their neighbors, nor will they need to teach their relatives, saying, ‘You should know the LORD.’ For everyone, from the least to the greatest, will know me already,” says the LORD. “And I will forgive their wickedness, and I will never again remember their sins.”

It is the LORD who provides the sun to light the day and the moon and stars to light the night, and who stirs the sea into roaring waves.

His name is the LORD of Heaven’s Armies, and this is what he says:
“I am as likely to reject my people Israel as I am to abolish the laws of nature!”

This is what the LORD says:

“Just as the heavens cannot be measured and the foundations of the earth cannot be explored, so I will not consider casting them away for the evil they have done. I, the LORD, have spoken!” (Jeremiah 31:33-37)

When God rescued Israel from Egypt, he made a covenant—a contract—with them. For the people of Israel, it signaled their change of ownership. Where they had been slaves to Egypt, they now belonged to God. So they agreed to do what he told them. The details of the contract were laid out in the book of Deuteronomy, the actual treaty between God and Israel. Israel became obligated to worship God exclusively and to treat one another in a loving way.

Although God’s promises are more certain than tomorrow’s sunrise, his people’s promises were not. That’s why human beings have contracts—and lawyers. But God doesn’t have fine print in his contracts, nor does he have a band of lawyers working to get him out of them. Instead, God wants to keep his contracts—and he wanted to help his people keep theirs.

To solve the ongoing problem of his people breaking their promises, God decided at last to write a new covenant—a new contract inside them—to make it a part of them so it could never be erased, lost, or forgotten.

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Mind Games

“The heart is more deceitful than all else
And is desperately sick;
Who can understand it?
“I, the LORD, search the heart,
I test the mind,
Even to give to each man according to his ways,
According to the results of his deeds.
“As a partridge that hatches eggs which it has not laid,
So is he who makes a fortune, but unjustly;
In the midst of his days it will forsake him,
And in the end he will be a fool.”
A glorious throne on high from the beginning
Is the place of our sanctuary.
O LORD, the hope of Israel,
All who forsake You will be put to shame.
Those who turn away on earth will be written down,
Because they have forsaken the fountain of living water, even the LORD. (Jeremiah 17:9-13)

Our own minds can play tricks on us. The Hebrew word commonly translated into English as “heart” in the Old Testament is rarely referring to the physical organ. Rather it is the seat of the intellect: the mind. Our minds are the source of who we are, the place where our personality and all our experiences are stored. From it come the dark thoughts and the good thoughts, our emotions, our feelings of hatred and love. Our actions grow from and are directed by our minds, and our minds can fool us, deceive us, and lead us into the wrong paths; our minds can help us justify our actions, however reprehensible—and our mind can help us see reason and lead us to repentance.

Consider how easy it is to be fooled. A stage magician can convince us we’ve witnessed the impossible. An optical illusion easily confuses us. We lie to ourselves. We all too easily jump to conclusions. Our biases warp our perception of reality. Our minds betray us on a regular basis.

But God understands us even when we don’t understand ourselves. God alone is trustworthy.

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Thus says the LORD:
“Cursed is the man who trusts in man
And makes flesh his strength,
Whose heart departs from the LORD.
For he shall be like a shrub in the desert,
And shall not see when good comes,
But shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness,
In a salt land which is not inhabited.
“Blessed is the man who trusts in the LORD,
And whose hope is the LORD.
For he shall be like a tree planted by the waters,
Which spreads out its roots by the river,
And will not fear when heat comes;
But its leaf will be green,
And will not be anxious in the year of drought,
Nor will cease from yielding fruit. (Jeremiah 17:5-8)

God alone is completely trustworthy. The land of Israel is dry in many places. But it has streams called wadis. During the rainy season, they fill with water, but during the summer and during droughts they dry up. But beneath the parched soil, the water is still there if you dig for it. Trees planted near such wadis will never lack for water, regardless of the changing seasons.

Because we can see people, we easily put our faith in them, despite the fact that people are flawed, inconsistent, and often fail to meet their well-intentioned obligations—like the water in a wadi. Likewise, we will fail ourselves: we will become guilty of the one thing we could never imagine ourselves being guilty of. We will lose the job that seemed so perfect. Our bodies will age, we will grow sick, and our memories will fail us. The other person in the race is actually faster than us after all.

God never tires, never gets sick, never has a short temper. The events of his day never ruin his mood or turn him grumpy.

God will always be ready for us, like the deep water; he is the one person that we can always rely on.

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