“This is the new covenant I will make with the people of Israel on that day,” says the LORD. “I will put my instructions deep within them, and I will write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. And they will not need to teach their neighbors, nor will they need to teach their relatives, saying, ‘You should know the LORD.’ For everyone, from the least to the greatest, will know me already,” says the LORD. “And I will forgive their wickedness, and I will never again remember their sins.”
It is the LORD who provides the sun to light the day and the moon and stars to light the night, and who stirs the sea into roaring waves.
His name is the LORD of Heaven’s Armies, and this is what he says:
“I am as likely to reject my people Israel as I am to abolish the laws of nature!”
This is what the LORD says:
“Just as the heavens cannot be measured and the foundations of the earth cannot be explored, so I will not consider casting them away for the evil they have done. I, the LORD, have spoken!” (Jeremiah 31:33-37)
When God rescued Israel from Egypt, he made a covenant—a contract—with them. For the people of Israel, it signaled their change of ownership. Where they had been slaves to Egypt, they now belonged to God. So they agreed to do what he told them. The details of the contract were laid out in the book of Deuteronomy, the actual treaty between God and Israel. Israel became obligated to worship God exclusively and to treat one another in a loving way.
Although God’s promises are more certain than tomorrow’s sunrise, his people’s promises were not. That’s why human beings have contracts—and lawyers. But God doesn’t have fine print in his contracts, nor does he have a band of lawyers working to get him out of them. Instead, God wants to keep his contracts—and he wanted to help his people keep theirs.
To solve the ongoing problem of his people breaking their promises, God decided at last to write a new covenant—a new contract inside them—to make it a part of them so it could never be erased, lost, or forgotten.